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Protección económica a la población mayor en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Leonardo Villar
  • Carmen Elisa Flórez
  • David Forero
  • Natalia Valencia-López
  • Nadia Puerta
  • Felipe Botero

Abstract

Este capítulo hace una caracterización completa del sistema de protección económica de la población mayor en Colombia. Se divide en siete secciones, la primera de las cuales es esta introducción. En la segunda se resumen los antecedentes y el marco legal del Sistema General de Pensiones colombiano (SGP). En la tercera se hace una evaluación de los resultados que se han obtenido tras la Ley 100 de 1993 y se hace énfasis en las falencias del régimen actual, especialmente en términos de cobertura y equidad. En la cuarta sección se aplica un modelo pensional elaborado por Asofondos para explorar las perspectivas para los próximos 35 años en términos de cobertura pensional, si se mantiene el régimen actual. La sección 5 se concentra en los esquemas de pensiones no contributivas, discute sus bases conceptuales y las mejores prácticas internacionales y analiza la experiencia colombiana con el programa Colombia Mayor. La sección 6 utiliza la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida (ECV) del 2013, la Encuesta Longitudinal de Protección Social (ELPS) del 2012, ambas del DANE, y la Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud (ENDS) del 2010, de Profamilia, para hacer una caracterización de los pensionados y de los beneficiarios del programa Colombia Mayor. Finalmente, la sección 7 discute las recomendaciones de política pública que se pueden extraer del análisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Villar & Carmen Elisa Flórez & David Forero & Natalia Valencia-López & Nadia Puerta & Felipe Botero, 2015. "Protección económica a la población mayor en Colombia," Informes de Investigación 013895, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000124:013895
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/2731
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Camila Arza, 2017. "The expansion of economic protection for older adults in Latin America: Key design features of non-contributory pensions," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2017-29, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Camila Arza, 2019. "Basic Old‐Age Protection in Latin America: Noncontributory Pensions, Coverage Expansion Strategies, and Aging Patterns across Countries," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 45(S1), pages 23-45, December.
    3. Camila Arza, 2017. "The expansion of economic protection for older adults in Latin America: Key design features of non-contributory pensions," WIDER Working Paper Series 029, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sistema General de Pensiones; Pensiones de Jubilación; Sistemas de Jubilación; Subsidios de Vejez; Envejecimiento de la Población; Asofondos; Política Pública; Vejez; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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