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Incidencia de los impuestos a las emisiones en el sector industrial

Author

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  • Gustavo Hernández

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Abstract

Siguiendo el artículo de Fullerton y Heutel (2010) se construye un modelo de equilibriogeneral computable para una economía cerrada, el cual involucra polución. Esto con elobjetivo de analizar los efectos que tiene un impuesto a las emisiones de carbono sobre losprecios y cantidades de la producción y los factores productivos. Se procede a calibrar elmodelo con los datos de la industria colombiana, con base en la Encuesta AnualManufacturera y de emisiones de CO2 para el sector. Se encuentra que el imponer unimpuesto a las emisiones reduce la polución, sin embargo, esto depende en gran parte de lascomplementariedades o sustituciones entre los factores de producción. Finalmente, seencuentra que la carga tributaria es soportada en gran parte por los consumidores, vía unmayor precio, y el mercado de trabajo, por la recomposición de los factores dentro delmodelo.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Hernández, 2012. "Incidencia de los impuestos a las emisiones en el sector industrial," Archivos de Economía 009906, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000118:009906
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    Keywords

    Modelos de Equilibrio General Computable; Incidencia Tributaria e ImpuestosAmbientales;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects

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