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Diferencias étnicas en Colombia: una mirada antropométrica

Listed author(s):
  • Adolfo Meisel Roca


  • Karina Acosta O.

Using data from the 2010 Colombia Demographic and Health Survey and National Survey of the Nutritional Situation in Colombia (ENDS-ENSIN), we analyzed the evolution of the Colombian height trends among the birth cohort 1946-1992 by ethnic group. We find that there are statistically significant differences between the ethnic groups we considered. Those who self-recognized as afrocolombian have greater average height than the indigenous group and are also taller than those who don´t identify themselves as either of these two groups, which we refer to as others. In our analysis we also find that the height gap between afros and the others, tends to reduce in the time period we study. Moreover, the results suggest that the Colombian indigenous group has a higher potential growth of `biological well being´ when they improve their socioeconomic status. RESUMEN: En este trabajo estudiamos la evolución de la estatura de los colombianos nacidos entre 1946 y 1992. El análisis se realiza para los principales grupos étnicos del país. Para ello utilizamos una muestra con información antropométrica de un total de 92.953 personas de la Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia (ENSIN, 2010), publicada en el 2011. Entre las principales evidencias, se encuentra que existe una diferencia significativa entre los grupos de clasificación étnica. Quienes se auto reconocieron como afro descendientes tienen estaturas promedios mayores al grupo de indígenas y mayores a quienes no se identifican con ninguno de estos dos grupos. Además, la brecha entre los afrocolombianos y los no étnicos es cada vez menor en el tiempo. También encontramos que el grupo de indígenas presenta un mayor potencial de crecimiento en el bienestar biológico y así ocurre cuando sus condiciones de vida mejoran.

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Date of creation: 08 Apr 2012
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009421
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