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Diferencias étnicas en Colombia: una mirada antropométrica

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  • Karina Acosta y Adolfo Meisel Roca

Abstract

En este trabajo estudiamos la evolución de la estatura de los colombianos nacidos entre 1946 y 1992. El análisis se realiza para los principales grupos étnicos del país. Para ello utilizamos una muestra con información antropométrica de un total de 92.953 personas de la Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia (ENSIN, 2010), publicada en el 2011. Entre las principales evidencias, se encuentra que existe una diferencia significativa entre los grupos de clasificación étnica. Quienes se auto reconocieron como afro descendientes tienen estaturas promedios mayores al grupo de indígenas y mayores a quienes no se identifican con ninguno de estos dos grupos. Además, la brecha entre los afrocolombianos y los no étnicos es cada vez menor en el tiempo. También encontramos que el grupo de indígenas presenta un mayor potencial de crecimiento en el bienestar biológico y así ocurre cuando sus condiciones de vida mejoran. Classification JEL: I12, I14, N36, Z13.

Suggested Citation

  • Karina Acosta y Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2012. "Diferencias étnicas en Colombia: una mirada antropométrica," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 166, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:166
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    Keywords

    antropometría; etnia; bienestar social.;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • N36 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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