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Habitantes del agua: El complejo lagunar de la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta

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  • María Aguilera Díaz

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Abstract

El complejo lagunar de la ecorregión Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, ubicado al norte de Colombia, es de gran importancia ecológica y económica, pues los humedales y bosques de mangle permiten la reproducción de peces, crustáceos y moluscos y son refugio de aves migratorias y nativas y de otras especies de fauna. La apertura de canales, la desecación de ciénagas menores y, principalmente, la construcción de la vía Barranquilla- Ciénaga, afectaron este ecosistema ocasionando la pérdida de gran parte de sus bosques de manglar. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar el potencial ecológico y económico del complejo lagunar y caracterizar la población que habita dentro de sus ciénagas. Se encontró que los complejos lagunares son de gran productividad, pero la producción pesquera está en riesgo de sobreexplotación por el incremento de pescadores y la captura por debajo de la talla media de madurez sexual. Además, los habitantes de los pueblos de palafitos tienen ingresos bajos y necesidades básicas insatisfechas. ABSTRACT: The lagoons in the ecoregion of the Cienaga Grande of Santa Marta are of great ecological and economic importance, since wetlands and mangrove forests allow the reproduction of fish, crustaceans and mollusks and host native and migratory birds and other wildlife species. The opening of canals, the draining of minor swamps and mainly, the construction of the Barranquilla-Cienaga road, affected the ecosystem causing the loss of much of its mangrove forests. The aim of this study is to determine the ecological and economic potential of the lagoon system and the characteristics of the human population living within its marshes. The lagoon complex is highly productive, but fish production is at risk of overexploitation because of the increase of fishermen and the catching of fish below the mean size of maturity. In addition, the villagers, which inhabit stilt houses in the lagoon, have low incomes and unattended basic needs.

Suggested Citation

  • María Aguilera Díaz, 2011. "Habitantes del agua: El complejo lagunar de la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 008543, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008543
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    Keywords

    Grande de Santa Marta; medio ambiente; pesca; turismo;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q22 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Fishery
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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