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Habitantes del agua: El complejo lagunar de la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta

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  • María Aguilera Díaz

Abstract

El complejo lagunar de la ecorregión Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, ubicado al norte de Colombia, es de gran importancia ecológica y económica, pues los humedales y bosques de mangle permiten la reproducción de peces, crustáceos y moluscos y son refugio de aves migratorias y nativas y de otras especies de fauna. La apertura de canales, la desecación de ciénagas menores y, principalmente, la construcción de la vía BarranquillaCiénaga, afectaron este ecosistema ocasionando la pérdida de gran parte de sus bosques de manglar. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar el potencial ecológico y económico del complejo lagunar y caracterizar la población que habita dentro de sus ciénagas. Se encontró que los complejos lagunares son de gran productividad, pero la producción pesquera está en riesgo de sobreexplotación por el incremento de pescadores y la captura por debajo de la talla media de madurez sexual. Además, los habitantes de los pueblos de palafitos tienen ingresos bajos y necesidades básicas insatisfechas.

Suggested Citation

  • María Aguilera Díaz, 2011. "Habitantes del agua: El complejo lagunar de la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 144, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:144
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    Keywords

    Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta; medio ambiente; pesca; turismo.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q22 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Fishery
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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