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La brecha de rendimiento académico de Barranquilla

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  • Juan D. Barón

    ()

Abstract

Los estudiantes de la ciudad de Barranquilla presentan un rendimiento académico inferior al de los estudiantes de ciudades como Bogotá y Bucaramanga. Estas brechas de rendimiento son importantes y persistentes a través del proceso de formación de capital humano (grado quinto, noveno, undécimo y superior). Usando diferentes pruebas realizadas por el ICFES (SABER 5, 9, 11 y ECAES) en el 2009, el presente documento cuantifica dichas brechas de rendimiento y profundiza en las causas de estas diferencias entre Barranquilla y Bogotá (la ciudad con mejor rendimiento) para el caso específico de la prueba SABER-11 (ICFES). Usando una descomposición contrafactual, el análisis se enfoca en explicar qué tanto de la brecha de rendimiento en la ciudad se puede explicar por las diferencias en las características de las instituciones y las diferencias en las características de los estudiantes y sus familias. El análisis también considera los efectos diferenciales que estos dos factores pueden tener a diferentes niveles de rendimiento académico. Los resultados de la descomposición indican que las diferencias en las características personales y familiares son más importantes que las diferencias en las características de los colegios para explicar la brecha de rendimiento entre Barranquilla y Bogotá, para los diferentes niveles de rendimiento y para ambos géneros (aunque con diferente intensidad para éste último).

Suggested Citation

  • Juan D. Barón, 2010. "La brecha de rendimiento académico de Barranquilla," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 007810, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:007810
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    educación; logro académico; ciudades;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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