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Enfermedad Holandesa y Exportaciones de Banano en el Caribe Colombiano, 1910- 1950

  • Adolfo Meisel R.


Una de las principales causas para el limitado desempe�o econ�mico de la Costa Caribe en los �ltimos 100 a�os, fue el fracaso rotundo de su sector exportador en las d�cadas in�ciales del siglo XX. Para entender mejor que sucedi� se analiza el comportamiento del banano, el principal producto de exportaci�n del Caribe Colombiano durante las primeras d�cadas del siglo XX. Adem�s, se argumenta que el escaso dinamismo del sector exportador en la regi�n fue una consecuencia del incremento en las exportaciones de caf�, entre 1910 y 1950. En particular, ello fue resultado de la presencia de lo que se denomina en la literatura econ�mica la enfermedad holandesa. Con este �ltimo t�rmino se conoce la situaci�n en la cual el auge en un producto de exportaci�n conduce a la revaluaci�n de la moneda local, y por lo tanto a la p�rdida de competitividad del resto de las exportaciones.

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Date of creation: 23 Apr 2010
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Handle: RePEc:col:000101:006905
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