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Capital natural, capital humano y participación de los factores. Una revisión de los métodos de medición del crecimiento económico


  • Hernando Zuleta


  • Julián David Parada


  • Jacobo Campo


  • Andrés García



Este trabajo aporta dos elementos básicos para el análisis del crecimiento económico en Colombia: En primerlugar, para el cálculo de la participación de los factores en el producto, se separa el ingreso de capital físico del ingreso de capital natural y el ingreso del trabajo básico del ingreso de capital humano. Con esta metodología se comprueba que la participación de los factores reproducibles tiene una tendencia creciente como lo sugieren los modelos de innovaciones sesgadas. En segundo lugar, utilizando los nuevos cálculos de participación de los factores, se desarrolla un ejercicio de contabilidad de crecimiento, este procedimiento permite identificar con mayor precisión el comportamiento de la productividad total de los factores.***We provide two basic elements for the analysis of the economic growth in Colombia: In order to get the factor shares, we separate produced physical capital income from natural capital income and raw labor income from thehuman capital income. We find that the share of reproducible factors has an increasing trend (as suggested by biased innovations models). Second, using the new calculations, we perform an exercise of growth accounting. This procedure allows us to identify with major precision the behavior of total factor productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernando Zuleta & Julián David Parada & Jacobo Campo & Andrés García, 2009. "Capital natural, capital humano y participación de los factores. Una revisión de los métodos de medición del crecimiento económico," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 004713, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004713

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    1. Osili, Una Okonkwo & Long, Bridget Terry, 2008. "Does female schooling reduce fertility? Evidence from Nigeria," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 57-75, August.
    2. Ainsworth, Martha & Beegle, Kathleen & Nyamete, Andrew, 1996. "The Impact of Women's Schooling on Fertility and Contraceptive Use: A Study of Fourteen Sub-Saharan African Countries," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 85-122, January.
    3. Michael, Robert T, 1973. "Education and the Derived Demand for Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages 128-164, Part II, .
    4. Sulayman Al-Qudsi, 1998. "The demand for children in Arab countries: Evidence from panel and count data models," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 11(3), pages 435-452.
    5. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2008. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9787111235767, March.
    6. Sander, William, 1992. "The effect of women's schooling on fertility," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 229-233, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Enrique López & Andrés Salamanca, 2009. "El efecto riqueza de la vivienda en Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, December.
    2. Lizarazo, Sandra & Da-Rocha, Jose-Maria, 2011. "Optimal monetary policy and default," MPRA Paper 31931, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Participación de los Factores; Contabilidad del Crecimiento; Cambio Tecnológico Sesgado;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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