IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Reflexiones Sobre La Teoría Y La Práctica Del Iva En Colombia

  • Christian R. Jaramillo H.


  • Jorge Tovar


Este trabajo discute, a la luz de la teoría tributaria, la manera de calcular el impuesto al valor agregado (IVA) de acuerdo con el Artículo 447 del Estatuto Tributario colombiano. El análisis teórico muestra que la implementación del IVA en Colombia no permite explotar todas las ventajas que el impuesto tiene en la teoría. En particular, la práctica colombiana induce cascadas tributarias y evita solo parcialmente las distorsiones en precios de bienes intermedios. A manera de ilustración, presentamos también una simulación numérica para ilustrar la magnitud del efecto de cascadas tributarias en el IVA colombiano. En este sentido, si bien el impuesto es claramente superior a un impuesto a las ventas en cada etapa de la cadena productiva, es bastante inferior al IVA teórico, resultando en tasas de tributación efectiva pueden ser el doble de las nominales. El documento demuestra, además, que la diferencia que se genera en precios según se use el método colombiano o el teórico, no genera diferencia en el recaudo real cuando el impuesto se aplica a todos los bienes. Es decir, mientras que el efecto de las cascadas será regresivo, el recaudo real no presentará variaciones.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 003425.

in new window

Length: 22
Date of creation: 15 Apr 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:003425
Contact details of provider:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Emmanuel Saez, 2002. "Direct or Indirect Tax Instruments for Redistribution: Short-run versus Long-run," NBER Working Papers 8833, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Alan J. Auerbach, 2006. "The Choice Between Income and Consumption Taxes: A Primer," NBER Working Papers 12307, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521497695 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Christian R. Jaramillo H. & Jorge Tovar, 2007. "Incidencia Del Impuesto Al Valor Agregado Sobre Los Precios En Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002830, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  5. Naito, Hisahiro, 1999. "Re-examination of uniform commodity taxes under a non-linear income tax system and its implication for production efficiency," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 165-188, February.
  6. Naito, Hisahiro, 2004. "Endogenous human capital accumulation, comparative advantage and direct vs. indirect redistribution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(12), pages 2685-2710, December.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000089:003425. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Universidad De Los Andes-Cede)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.