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(English) Well (Italiano) Well

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  • Ilaria Di Tullio

Abstract

(English) Economic crisis has changed the political, economic and social scenario of the world as we know it. Economic liberalism, which theorizes freedom of movement synonymously with prosperity and happiness has failed. The Nobel Prize winner Joseph Stiglitz has recently announced a theorem which declares “When social inequality between people increases, GDP tends to decrease and to become negative”. His thesis confirmed the extraordinary connection between social disparity increases, measured with Gini’s coefficient, these heavy economic catastrophes mirror the U.S. Great depression of 1929. This contribute take advantage of statistical instruments, sociology’s faithful supporters to highlight the economic transformation. There are analysis like Gini’s coefficient trend with relation a historic series which shows data from 1983 to 2013, a Principal Componet Analysis and a Cluster Analysis from the well-being indicators Matrix (source: OCSE) and a partition of the OCSE member-states. Economic financialization, smaller income resources, extreme freedom of movements, flexibility in productive cycles in job, the decrease in action collective spaces, contribution to increases in social inequality and removal of conceptions such as integrity and proximity. There is a narrow correlation between economic liberalism and social inequality with a high insecurity consequence. The aim of this work is to highlight these dimensions about economic crisis beyond common sense. (Italiano) La crisi economica ha cambiato radicalmente lo scenario politico, economico e sociale dell’intero pianeta e il liberismo economico, secondo cui il meccanismo della libera concorrenza porterebbe al benessere per tutti, ha raccolto smentite crescenti. Il premio Nobel, Joseph Stiglitz ha recentemente enunciato un teorema, per il quale: “quando la disuguaglianza tra gli individui aumenta, il PIL tende a diminuire fino a diventare negativo”. Questa teoria trova sostegno nella straordinaria corrispondenza tra l’aumento delle disuguaglianze sociali, misurato dall’indice di Gini, e i periodi di gravi crisi economiche, in particolare quelli del ‘29 e quello attuale. Questo lavoro si è servito di strumenti statistici, fidi alleati della sociologia, attraverso i quali sono stati messi in luce i cambiamenti dell’attuale crisi economica. Sono quindi state reperite dagli archivi dell’OCSE, matrici di dati sulle quali è stato possibile effettuare le analisi. La determinazione dell’andamento dell’Indice di Disuguaglianza di Gini effettuata su una serie storica che va dal 1983 ad oggi, l’Analisi in Componenti Principali e la Cluster Analysis, effettuate su matrici di dati costituiti dagli indicatori di Benessere, così come rilevati e definiti dall’dall’OCSE, hanno permesso di giungere a una partizione e quindi ad un raggruppamento dell’insieme degli Stati-membri dell’Organizzazione. La finanziarizzazione dell’economia, la minore disponibilità di reddito, l’estrema libertà di scambio, la flessibilità nei cicli produttivi in termini di lavoro e di movimento di capitali, la riduzione degli spazi di azione collettivi, concorrono ad aumentare la disuguaglianza prendendo il posto di concetti quali solidarietà e vicinanza. Esiste stretta correlazione tra neoliberismo e crescita della disuguaglianza socio-economica con conseguente alto grado di insicurezza tout court: mettere in luce questo, oltre il senso comune, ha come obiettivo questo lavoro.

Suggested Citation

  • Ilaria Di Tullio, 2015. "(English) Well (Italiano) Well," IRPPS Working Papers 71:2015, National Research Council, Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies.
  • Handle: RePEc:cnz:wpaper:71:2015
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    (English) Well (Italiano) Well;

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