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From Hell To Heaven? Trajectories Of Illegal Migrants In Italy


  • Manuela Stranges


  • François-Charles Wolff

    () (Dipartimento di Economia, Statistica e Finanza, Università della Calabria)


This paper investigates the trajectories of illegal migrants in Italy using unique individual data stemming from a centre for reception of refugees and asylum seekers located in the southern region of Calabria during the period 2008-2014. We find that inflows in the centre have some peaks associated to political crises and wars in origin countries and lead to frequent overcrowding, but economic conditions also matter. There are large differences in the timing of exit decisions. Exit motives related to the obtainment of any form of international protection increase time spent in the centre. Conversely, more than 80% of migrants from Syria or Palestine have left the centre by their own only one month after their entry, meaning that those origin groups do not intend to settle in Italy. Overall, our results put in evidence the limits of the Dublin system which does not allow migrants to reach the country they wish to live.

Suggested Citation

  • Manuela Stranges & François-Charles Wolff, 2016. "From Hell To Heaven? Trajectories Of Illegal Migrants In Italy," Working Papers 201610, Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Economia, Statistica e Finanza "Giovanni Anania" - DESF.
  • Handle: RePEc:clb:wpaper:201610

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    File Function: First version, 2016-10
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dimiter Doychinov Toshkov, 2014. "The dynamic relationship between asylum applications and recognition rates in Europe (1987–2010)," European Union Politics, , vol. 15(2), pages 192-214, June.
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    More about this item


    Illegal migrants; Refugees; Asylum seekers; Italy; Administrative data;

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy

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