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L'économie de la preuve judiciaire

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  • Claude Fluet

Abstract

This article develops a simple model using the economist's toolkit to analyze the mechanism of judicial proof. The survey focuses on the notions of burden of proof, legal presumptions, standard of proof, on legal procedure and on the judge's role during the proceedings. The rules of proof are analyzed from the point of view of litigation costs, judicial error and incentives for socially e¢ cient behavior. Cet article développe un modèle simple permettant d'analyser les dispositifs fondamentaux de la preuve judiciaire. Le survol est centré sur les notions de charge de la preuve, de présomptions légales, de norme de preuve, sur le rôle de la procédure et le pouvoir d'initiative du juge. Les règles de preuve sont analysées du point de vue des coûts de litige, du risque d'erreur judiciaire et des incitations à l'adoption de comportements socialement efficients.

Suggested Citation

  • Claude Fluet, 2011. "L'économie de la preuve judiciaire," CIRANO Working Papers 2011s-18, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2011s-18
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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2011s-18.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    judicial proof; judge; stardard of proof; legal presumptions; preuve judiciaire; juge; norme de preuve; présomptions légal;

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • K41 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Litigation Process
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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