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Target-Kredite, Leistungsbilanzsalden und Kapitalverkehr: Der Rettungsschirm der EZB

Author

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  • Hans-Werner Sinn
  • Timo Wollmershäuser

Abstract

Die Europäische Währungsunion steckt in einer tiefen Zahlungsbilanzkrise. Insbesondere Griechenland, Irland, Portugal und Spanien wiesen in der Vergangenheit Leistungsbilanzdefizite auf, die sich bis März 2011 auf 314 Milliarden Euro akkumulierten. Dies entspricht dem Stand der aggregierten Target-Salden, die in den Bilanzen der nationalen Notenbanken dieser Länder ausgewiesen werden. Diese Notenbanken finanzierten die Leistungsbilanzdefizite durch Schaffung neuen Zentralbankgeldes, das durch Kreditvergabe an die heimischen Banken entstanden ist und das in die Kernländer des Euro-Währungsraums, insbesondere nach Deutschland, über das Target-Zahlungssystem geflossen ist. Dieser Zufluss von Zentralbankgeld verdrängte die Kreditvergabe der dortigen nationalen Notenbanken. Die Europäische Zentralbank hat somit eine öffentliche Finanzierung der Leistungsbilanzdefizite der Peripherie des Währungsraums ermöglicht, zu der private Kapitalgeber nicht mehr bereit waren.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans-Werner Sinn & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2011. "Target-Kredite, Leistungsbilanzsalden und Kapitalverkehr: Der Rettungsschirm der EZB," ifo Working Paper Series 105, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_105
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    Keywords

    Währungsunion; Zahlungsbilanz; Bail-out; Zahlungssystem;

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems

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