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Transactionally Efficient Markets, Dynamic Arbitrage and Microstructure


  • Rodolfo Apreda


In this paper, we introduce a Transactionally Efficient Market Model, which evolves from the standard efficient market model, encompassing both transaction costs and bid-ask prices. Hence, we delve into how arbitrage makes its way within this complex setting. The main outgrowth of the analysis is the "trap set", which is the place where most of price trajectories should enter to put an end to supernormal profits, although the underlying dynamics seems far from coming to a halt, and becomes bewildering instead. Bid-ask arbitrage gaps will prove useful to track down those adjustments of current prices, transaction costs and fundamental values. At this point, we define a transactionally efficacious market. Furthermore, a non linear dynamics whose environment gives room to mediator and microstructure, will lead us to prove the existence of a vectorial arbitrage gap mapping which becomes operational at managing the transactional efficiency of the market, in a complex surroundings with chaotic patterns eventually. Summing up: transactionally efficient markets are those markets which are informative efficient and transactionally efficacious.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodolfo Apreda, 1999. "Transactionally Efficient Markets, Dynamic Arbitrage and Microstructure," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 151, Universidad del CEMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:151

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carlos A. Rodríguez, 1995. "Ensayo Sobre el Plan de Convertibilidad," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 105, Universidad del CEMA.
    2. Robert J. Barro, 1983. "Inflationary Finance under Discretion and Rules," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 16(1), pages 1-16, February.
    3. Reinhart, Carmen & Leiderman, Leonardo, 1994. "Capital inflows to Latin America," MPRA Paper 13406, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Kiguel, Miguel A & Liviatan, Nissan, 1988. "Inflationary Rigidities and Orthodox Stabilization Policies: Lessons from Latin America," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 2(3), pages 273-298, September.
    5. Rudiger Dornbusch & Mario Henrique Simonsen, 1987. "Inflation Stabilization with Incomes Policy Support: A Review of the Experience in Argentina, Brazil and Israel," NBER Working Papers 2153, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rodolfo Apreda, 2000. "Differential Rates of Return and Residual Information Sets (A Discrete Approach)," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 177, Universidad del CEMA.
    2. Rodolfo Apreda, 2000. "Differential Rates and Transaction Costs. A toolkit for Practitioners, accountants and financial economists," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 166, Universidad del CEMA.
    3. Rodolfo Apreda, 2000. "A transaction costs approach to financial assets rates of return," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 161, Universidad del CEMA.
    4. Apreda, Rodolfo, 1999. "Dynamic arbitrage gaps for financial assets: in a nonlinear and chaotic price adjustment process," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 9(3-4), pages 441-457, November.

    More about this item


    Dynamic Arbitrage; microstructure; transactional efficiency; chaos.;

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates


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