Diferencial de mortalidade por sexo na macrorregião de saúde sul de Minas Gerais, 1999 e 2009
The objective of this paper is to analyze the differential mortality by sex in health macroregion southern Minas Gerais, in 1999 and 2009. Mortality data and information on population were collected at the website of the Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). To measure the difference in mortality between the sexes were analyzed the sex ratio between specific mortality rates and the gap in life expectancy at birth. Regarding the age pattern of differential mortality between the sexes, male disadvantage was observed at all ages, but the most significant increase was in the age group between 20 to 29 years. The mortality tables show that increases in life expectancy occurred at all ages, while the gap in life expectancy at birth reduced. In other words, while life expectancy at birth increases, the gap in life expectancy has decreased in the southern part of Minas Gerais. This behavior is following the trend of developed countries. The results show that in 2009, the southern part of Minas Gerais showed behavior near a group of developed countries in the period 2000-2005.
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