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Diálogos com o ensino médio 5: a escola de ensino médio no Brasil analisada a partir de dados do INEP


  • André Braz Golgher



This working paper discusses schooling performance in secondary schools in Brazil using the ENEM as the database. Initially, we obtained different dimensions related to the student’s perception concerning himself, his school and his socioeconomic level with the use of factorial analyses. Private and public schools were compared. We observed that federal and private ones showed some resemblance, with a much better overall situation than state and municipal schools. Then, we analyzed which factors were correlated to school performance with the use of OLS and Heckman models. We noted spatial differences among states in Brazil and also amongst school in different local contexts of the educational system development. Many subjective dimensions of student’s perception were also correlated to performance, such as: the human ambient in school; teacher characteristics; socioeconomic level; the student’s interest in politics, economy, social themes and environmental issues; reading habits; and school infra-structure.

Suggested Citation

  • André Braz Golgher, 2010. "Diálogos com o ensino médio 5: a escola de ensino médio no Brasil analisada a partir de dados do INEP," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td395, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdp:texdis:td395

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    secondary school; youth; education; school performance.;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


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