Diálogos com o ensino médio 2: o ensino médio no Brasil visto a partir do modelo Profluxo e outros indicadores demográficos
The youth can be considered as a transition from the state of dependence to the adult’s life responsibilities. This period is specially touched by establishment of objectives, aspirations and desires, in particular regarding education and the school. The objective of this working paper is to present some discussions concerning associations between the youth and the educational system in Brazil. We present drop-out rates and other educational indicators, and also applied the Profluxo model, always with a focus in the secondary school. We observed that the proportion of students graduating from primary school increased sharply in Brazil between 1997 and 2007. Moreover, relatively few students did dropout from secondary school, indicating that this was not the central problem in this schooling level. The main dropout problems were observed between primary and secondary schools and especially between secondary and tertiary ones. We also analyzed different groups of the population. We observed that the advances occurred for all of them, but that the heterogeneity in schooling levels persisted. White and yellow people and women had much better indicators than blacks, pardos, indigenous and men.
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