Entre a família e o trabalho: uma análise da qualidade da inserção ocupacional no Brasil urbano sob uma perspectiva de gênero, 1996-2006
This article analyzes the relationship between types of family arrangements and work quality regarding type of occupation, time in the occupation, status of occupation (whether under the Brazilian labor law or not) and income of the population aged 25 to 64 years in the Brazilian urban job market in 1996, 2001, and 2006. In order to achieve this objective we compare working women against working men so that we can identify sex differentials stemming from the different gender roles men and women take up in the family and in the job market. The models are specified for each sex assuming that the processes of division of household duties as well as the type and quality of work one can obtain in the job market is different for women and men. We fit multinomial logit models to adjust data from 1996, 2001, and 2006 Pesquisa Nacional de Domicílios (PNAD) to examine the significant associations between family arrangements and work quality. The coefficients are compared to check whether the difference between men’s and women’s are statistically significant. The results indicate that family arrangement, position in the family and domestic duties are factors associated with the higher odds of women, as compared to men, to be in job positions of lower quality. This situation has intensified in 2006, mainly amongst older women, in spite of the improvement of the job market from 2004 to 2006.
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