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Is Brazil really a catholic country? What opinions about abortion, sex between individuals who are not married to each other, and homosexuality say about the meaning of catholicism in three Brazilian cities

Listed author(s):
  • Luciene A. F de B. Longo


  • Paula Miranda-Ribeiro


  • Joseph E. Potter

    (University of Texas at Austin)

  • Christopher G. Ellison

    (University of Texas at Austin)

Registered author(s):

    The idea of being a Catholic country is quite widespread throughout the nation. What does it mean to be Catholic in Brazil? Do Catholics follow the Catholic Doctrine? The objective of this paper is to investigate the relationship between religion and religious involvement (measured by religious affiliation and service attendance) and opinions about abortion, sex between individuals who are not married to each other, and homosexuality in São Paulo, Porto Alegre, and Recife. Data come from the survey “Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals,” carried out in 2006. Results suggest that Brazilian Catholics are a very heterogeneous group with respect to opinions about abortion and sex between individuals who are not married to each other. In addition, service attendance among Catholics and those opinions are strongly correlated, except for the case of homosexuality, a topic which Catholics tend to have the same opinions about, irrespective of their religious involvement. Committed Protestants are, by far and away, the most conservative group.

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    Paper provided by Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in its series Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG with number td370.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2009
    Handle: RePEc:cdp:texdis:td370
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    1. Christopher G. Ellison & Samuel Echevarría & Brad Smith, 2005. "Religion and Abortion Attitudes Among U.S. Hispanics: Findings from the 1990 Latino National Political Survey," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 86(1), pages 192-208.
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