As cidades e a classe criativa no Brasil: diferenças espaciais na distribuição de indivíduos qualificados
The theoretical foundation for this text is the one presented by Florida (2002a, 2002b, 2005). He discusses the importance of a vibrant society and also of a highly diversified population for the attraction of talented and creative people. This attraction would promote a concentration of this type of person in some specific localities and this would be decisive for the development of cities and regions. Based on this discussion, an empirical analysis about the distribution of qualified population and some aspects that influence this distribution was done for Brazil. In order to do so, some indicators were built for different geographical areas and periods. Firstly, the text discusses the temporal tendencies for states in Brazil in the period between 1986 and 2004. A positive evolution was verified for all the qualification index, and a tendency of homogenization was observed. Then, municipal data for the year of 2000 was presented. Some municipalities had the highest values for most of the indicators, such as: São Caetano do Sul (SP), Niterói (RJ) and Florianópolis (SC). After this, given the importance of intraurban interchanges in Brazilian metropolitan regions, it was presented a study emphasizing these areas. Two metropolitan regions had the best indicators and were classified as in areas: Florianópolis (SC) and Rio de Janeiro (RJ). In the last part of the text, the intraurban heterogeneity of the three more populous metropolitan regions in Brazil, RMSP, RMRJ and RMBH, was studied and a high degree of urban polarization was verified.
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