The Dividend Pricing Model: New Evidence from the Korean Housing Market
It is generally conceded that dividend pricing models are poor predictors of asset prices. This finding is sometimes attributed to excess volatility or to a dividend process manipulated by firm managers. In this paper, we present rather powerful panel tests of the dividend pricing relation using a unique data set in which dividends are set by market forces independent of managersâ€™ preferences. We rely on observations on the market for condominium dwellings in Korea â€“ perhaps the only market in which information on dividends and prices is publicly and continuously available to consumers and investors. We extend the â€œdividend-price ratio modelâ€ to panels of housing returns and rents differentiated by type and location. We find broad support for the dividend pricing model during periods both before and after the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997â€“1998, suggesting that the market for housing assets in Korea has been remarkably efficient.
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