Impact du mode d’organisation des filières agro-alimentaires sur la pauvreté : La filière cacao en Côte d’Ivoire
This document presents an evaluation of the consequences of the liberalisation of the cocoa marketing system on poverty in Côte d'Ivoire. The liberalisation generated efficiency gains in the marketing process that benefited to farmers. However, a major consequence of the liberalisation was the suspension of forward contracts on the international market and between producers and trading companies. Furthermore, the liberalisation coincided with a fall in the international cocoa prices. Hence, the vulnerability of cocoa farmers increased dramatically both because of a more important risk exposure and more limited risk management instruments. The fall of their income and a more difficult access to credit lead farmers to reduce their use of intrants and their consumption expenses. In particular, the education expenses, which occur before the beginning of the cocoa season, were severely hurt. Last, the liberalisation induced a decrease in the role played by the co-operatives, which were unable to compete with new private operators.
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