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Large Mining Enterprises and Regional Development: Between the Enclave and Cluster

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Listed:
  • Andres Vallone

    () (IDEAR - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

  • Miguel Atienza

    () (IDEAR - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

Abstract

Over the last century, Chile has experienced a demographic and economic transformation that has shaped its economic geography. This article examines the evolution of the chilean urban system between 1885 and 2002. We estimate changes in the Zipf coefficient and the stability of the hierarchy of urban centers based on information from the Population and Housing Censuses. The results show a marked trend towards the formation of an increasingly asymmetrical system of cities that does not satisfy Zipf's law in the last two decades. At the same time, the hierarchy of cities has tended to be more stable, with a clear dominance of large cities that existed at the end of the nineteenth century and an increasing reduction in the variability among low-ranking cities.

Suggested Citation

  • Andres Vallone & Miguel Atienza, 2012. "Large Mining Enterprises and Regional Development: Between the Enclave and Cluster," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 17, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:cat:dtecon:dt201203
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    File URL: https://sites.google.com/a/ucn.cl/wpeconomia/archivos/WP2012-03.pdf
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    Keywords

    Zipf law; urban economics; development;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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