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Hiding Conflict over Industry Returns: A Stakeholder Analysis of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative


  • Sarah Bracking


This paper explores the political context and effects of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). The paper explores the EITI using a stakeholder analysis of the various interests that it claims to further, and shows how these are chronically imbalanced. Critical conflicts of interest and unequal power between the various parties are obscured by an underlying reliance on liberal consensus theory, which suggests that all parties can be winners. Not only can the interests involved not be reconciled within this framework, but they potentially cannot be reconciled outside it either. What is occluded is the political economy of development within the extractive industries, where the global power of the Bretton Woods Institutions (BWI) is strategically positioned to aid multinational companies, at the expense of workers and wider publics within the signatory countries. In this, political elites play a classic comprador role. The paper situates this particular voluntary instrument within the wider anti-corruption technologies and global campaign of the donor countries and BWI. It argues that, while corruption is widespread within the signatory countries, it cannot be tackled by this instrument, and further, that that is not the principal logic within it: instead, the EITI furthers the pathologising agenda of governance transcripts about the South, which denies and mystifies Northern global agency and excessive profit extraction.

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Bracking, 2009. "Hiding Conflict over Industry Returns: A Stakeholder Analysis of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative," Global Development Institute Working Paper Series 9109, GDI, The University of Manchester.
  • Handle: RePEc:bwp:bwppap:9109

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    Cited by:

    1. Cyril Obi, 2010. "Oil as the ‘curse’ of conflict in Africa: peering through the smoke and mirrors," Review of African Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(126), pages 483-495, December.
    2. Nelson Oppong, 2018. "Negotiating transparency: NGOs and contentious politics of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative in Ghana," Contemporary Social Science, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 58-71, January.
    3. Roy Maconachie & Radhika Srinivasan & Nicholas Menzies, 2015. "Responding to the Challenge of Fragility and Security in West Africa," World Bank Publications - Reports 22511, The World Bank Group.
    4. Anthony Bebbington & Elisa Arond & Juan Luis Dammert, 2016. "Scalar politics and transnational governance innovations: A political settlements lens on the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative in the Andes," Global Development Institute Working Paper Series esid-066-16, GDI, The University of Manchester.
    5. Dumitru MIRON & Mihaela PREDA, 2009. "Stakeholder Analysis of the Romanian Energy Sector," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 10(5), pages 877-892, December.
    6. Liliane C. Mouan, 2010. "Exploring the potential benefits of Asian participation in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: The case of China," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(6), pages 367-376, September.
    7. Schuler Douglas A., 2012. "A club theory approach to voluntary social programs: Multinational companies and the extractive industries transparency initiative," Business and Politics, De Gruyter, vol. 14(3), pages 1-24, October.
    8. Bürgi Bonanomi, Elisabeth & Elsig, Manfred & Espa, Ilaria, 2015. "The Commodity Sector and Related Governance Challenges from a Sustainable Development Perspective: The Example of Switzerland Current Research Gaps," Papers 865, World Trade Institute.

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