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The Story of the Grameen Bank: From Subsidised Microcredit to Market-based Microfinance


  • David Hulme


This paper looks at the establishment and evolution of the Grameen Bank of Bangladesh. It traces the development of the Bank from its origins, providing microcredit to poor, rural women in Bangladesh, through a period of national expansion and institutionalisation, to the replication around the world of the Grameen model. In the late 1990s the Bank faced repayment problems and a developing financial crisis, and strategies were put in place to stabilise and reshape the Bank. This led in 2001 to the launch of Grameen II, which is analysed in terms of its main components and its results. Finally, the paper looks at Grameen Bank’s future role as a major player in the microfinance market, and as an inspiration for those helping poor people improve their own lives.

Suggested Citation

  • David Hulme, 2008. "The Story of the Grameen Bank: From Subsidised Microcredit to Market-based Microfinance," Global Development Institute Working Paper Series 6008, GDI, The University of Manchester.
  • Handle: RePEc:bwp:bwppap:6008

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    Cited by:

    1. Rachel Lock & Helen Lawton Smith, 2015. "The impact of female entrepreneurship on economic growth in Kenya," Working Papers 26, Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, revised Nov 2015.

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