Metalistas x Papelistas: Origens Teóricas e Antecedentes do Debate entre Monetaristas e Desenvolvimentistas
The paper analyzes the debate between mettalism and “papelismo” which took place in Brazil in the second half of the 19th century and advocates that the latter was one of the currents that contributed for the genesis of developmentalism. In order to do so, it reviews the monetary controversies in England since the beginning of that century. Based on them, it identifies the theoretical origins of the Brazilian debate, highlighting the issue that refers to the neutrality or non-neutrality of money. Next, it shows how this question was adapted to the peculiarities of the Brazilian economy, emphasizing the “papelistas”’ option for growth, breaking up with the orthodoxy of that time. The influence upon the fledgeling developmentalism is empirically studied based on the speeches of Getulio Vargas, since he was the central character of the developmentalist State that was central to the Brazilian historical experience post-1930.
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