Explaining the Gender Division of Labour:The Role of the Gender Wage Gap
This paper draws on the economics literature on market labour supply and the sociology literature on domestic labour supply. Each literature has explored the factors underlying male specialisation in market work and female specialisation in domestic work, but has tended to focus on labour supply to one sector (market or domestic) in isolation from supply to the other. This paper uses data from the UK Time Use Survey 2000 on a matched sample of spouses to estimate household labour supplies to both sectors as a function of the spouses’ earnings capacities. The estimation procedure is a simulated maximum likelihood technique that allows for unobserved household-level random effects. In order to allow for non-participation, we estimate an available market wage for both the employed and non-employed individuals in the sample by combining the time use data with wage data from the Labour Force Survey. We use the estimated parameters from the labour supply equations to conduct a decomposition of two measures of the degree of gender specialisation within the household – the average gender gaps in weekly hours of market and domestic work. Our method allows us to decompose these gaps into a component that can be explained by spousal differences in earnings capacity and a residual gender effect. Our results suggest that the roles played by spouses within the household are responsive to economic incentives, but that the way in which men and women respond to those incentives is highly asymmetric. We conclude that a gender-neutral model of family decision-making cannot capture important features of the processes by which family members allocate time to different uses.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2007|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: 2 Priory Road, Bristol, BS8 1TX|
Phone: 0117 33 10799
Fax: 0117 33 10705
Web page: http://www.bris.ac.uk/cmpo/
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bri:cmpowp:07/174. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.