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Cross-country insurance mechanisms in currency unions

Author

Listed:
  • Nancy van Beers
  • Michiel Bijlsma
  • Gijsbert T. J. Zwart

Abstract

Countries in a monetary union can adjust to shocks either through internal or external mechanisms. We quantitatively assess for the European Union a number of relevant mechanisms suggested by Mundell’s optimal currency area theory, and compare them to the United States. For this purpose, we update a number of empirical analyses in the economic literature that identify (1) the size of asymmetries across countries and (2) the magnitude of insurance mechanisms relative to similar mechanisms and compare results for the European Monetary Union (EMU) with those obtained for the US. To study the level of synchronization between EMU countries we follow Alesina et al. (2002) and Barro and Tenreyro (2007). To measure the effect of an employment shock on employment levels, unemployment rates and participation rates we perform an analysis based on Blanchard and Katz (1992) and Decressin and Fatas (1995). We measure consumption smoothing through capital markets, fiscal transfers and savings, using the approach by Asdrubali et al. (1996) and Afonso and Furceri (2007). To analyze risk sharing through a common safety net for banks we perform a rudimentary simulation analysis.

Suggested Citation

  • Nancy van Beers & Michiel Bijlsma & Gijsbert T. J. Zwart, 2014. "Cross-country insurance mechanisms in currency unions," Working Papers 821, Bruegel.
  • Handle: RePEc:bre:wpaper:821
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    Cited by:

    1. Jeroen Hessel, 2019. "Medium-term asymmetric fluctuations and EMU as an optimum currency area," DNB Working Papers 644, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    2. Alessandro Ferrari & Anna Rogantini Picco, 2016. "International Risk Sharing in the EMU," Working Papers 17, European Stability Mechanism.
    3. Anderson, Nicola & Brooke, Martin & Hume, Michael & Kürtösiová, Miriam, 2015. "Financial Stability Paper 33: A European Capital Markets Union: implications for growth and stability," Bank of England Financial Stability Papers 33, Bank of England.
    4. repec:ces:ifodic:v:17:y:2019:i:02:p:23-27 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Fecht, Falko & Inderst, Roman & Pfeil, Sebastian, 2015. "A theory of the boundaries of banks with implications for financial integration and regulation," IMFS Working Paper Series 87, Goethe University Frankfurt, Institute for Monetary and Financial Stability (IMFS).

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