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Brain Drain Competition Policies in Europe: a Survey

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  • P. Giannoccolo

Abstract

To obtain the “1.2 million additional research personnel, including 700.000 additional researchers” necessary to “irrigate” the industries science-based, the EU stresses that it is not sufficient increase the investment in Research. We have to stop the European Brain Drain. We have to reverse it; “Europeans who have moved abroad would love to come home”. We have to remember that the “B rain Drain should work in both directions”, then we have to attract foreign brilliant scientists and compete to the USA. In this paper we give a survey of the principal “Brain Drain Competition” policies implemented in Europe. The key strategies and mechanisms found are: making the academic system more open and flexible; improving the regulatory conditions particularly on immigration; better sign-posting and information at national level; dedicated grants for foreign researchers; adapting income situations to market forces; providing tax reductions specifically for researchers and knowledge workers; more active inter ational marketing and support for international researchers. Finally, we analyse the effects of these policies on the Brain Drain in Europe bygiving examples of countries (i.e. UK, France, Germany, Belgium, etc) that that effectively reverse the Brain Drain and attract foreign researchers, and the exemplum of the Italy that it is “a countries that supplies talent to Europe and the Americas”.

Suggested Citation

  • P. Giannoccolo, 2005. "Brain Drain Competition Policies in Europe: a Survey," Working Papers 534, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  • Handle: RePEc:bol:bodewp:534
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    Cited by:

    1. Raluca DRACEA & Cristian STANCIU & Ekrem TUFAN, 2008. "The Impact of the Fiscal Competition on The Migration in European Union," Annals of University of Craiova - Economic Sciences Series, University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 3(36), pages 1267-1273, May.
    2. Michaela Trippl & Gunther Maier, 2010. "Knowledge spillover agents and regional development," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(2), pages 229-233, June.
    3. Lea Cassar & Bruno S. Frey, 2010. "Should I stay or should I go? An institutional approach to brain drain," IEW - Working Papers 489, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    4. Maier, Gunther & Kurka, Bernhard & Trippl, Michaela, 2007. "Knowledge Spillover Agents and Regional Development: Spatial Distribution and Mobility of Star Scientists," Papers DYNREG17, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    5. Pierpaolo Giannoccolo, 2003. "Brain Drain and Fiscal Competition: a Theoretical Model for Europe," Working Papers 20060602, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Dipartimento di Statistica, revised Jun 2006.
    6. Raluca Dacea & Cristian Stanciu & Narcis Eduard Mitu, 2008. "The Impact of the Fiscal Competition on the Migration in The European Union," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(4), pages 101-110.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism

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