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Caracterización de la Política Fiscal en Colombia y Análisis de su Postura Frente a la Crisis Internacional

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  • Ignacio Lozano

Abstract

En este documento se caracteriza la política fiscal en Colombia a partir de la valoración de los tres aspectos más relevantes desde la perspectiva macroeconómica: su posición frente al ciclo, su volatilidad y la sostenibilidad de la deuda. Los resultados encontrados se comparan a nivel internacional. Adicionalmente se analiza la postura de la autoridad fiscal frente a la crisis internacional y se evalúan dos escenarios sobre sus posibles repercusiones. Utilizando una regla de política se encuentra que la política discrecional del gobierno ha sido procíclica en el mediano y largo plazo, que ha reducido su volatilidad en los últimos años y que ha sido consecuente con la condición de sostenibilidad. La evidencia indica que hasta ahora la autoridad fiscal no ha diseñado un programa contra-cíclico para compensar los efectos de la crisis y que espera que operen los estabilizadores automáticos en la recuperación para superar los desajustes que se presenten en la actual coyuntura. En el corto y mediano plazo las finanzas del gobierno nacional sufrirán un apreciable deterioro, por la caída en la actividad económica: sus ingresos se podrían contraer, en términos reales, entre -3% y -4,5% en 2010, el balance primario será negativo hasta 2011 (oscilará entre -0,8% y -1,5% del PIB) y la deuda alcanzaría niveles cercanos a los registrados a comienzos de la década.

Suggested Citation

  • Ignacio Lozano, 2009. "Caracterización de la Política Fiscal en Colombia y Análisis de su Postura Frente a la Crisis Internacional," Borradores de Economia 566, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:566
    DOI: 10.32468/be.566
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nathalie Girouard & Christophe André, 2005. "Measuring Cyclically-adjusted Budget Balances for OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 434, OECD Publishing.
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    1. Ignacio Lozano-Espitia & Fernando Arias-Rodríguez & Jesus Bejarano & Andres Gonzalez & Clark Granger-Castaño & Franz Hamann & Yurany Hernández-Turca & Juan Manuel Julio-Román & Martha López & Juan C. , 2019. "La política fiscal y la estabilización macroeconómica en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, issue 90, pages 1-60, April.
    2. Leonardo Villar & José Vicente Romero & César Pabón, 2015. "Política cambiaria, monetaria y fiscal: ¿ha aprendido Colombia a mitigar los efectos de las crisis?," Informes de Investigación 013616, Fedesarrollo.
    3. Martner Fanta, Ricardo & Gonzales, Ivonne & Podestá, Andrea, 2013. "Políticas fiscales para el crecimiento y la igualdad," Macroeconomía del Desarrollo 138, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ciclos económicos; política fiscal; déficit y superávit; pronósticos de déficit y deuda.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H62 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Deficit; Surplus
    • H68 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt

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