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Desempleo juvenil en Espana. Causas y soluciones

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  • Juan Ramon Garcia

Abstract

El desempleo juvenil en Espana es un fenomeno persistente que se ha agravado durante la crisis actual, alcanzando una magnitud tal (46,1% en 2T11) que la toma de medidas para atenuarlo no puede ser pospuesta por mas tiempo. La evidencia presentada en este documento indica que existen deficiencias del sistema educativo y del mercado de trabajo que explican la relevancia, comparativamente elevada, del desempleo juvenil en Espana. Entre las primeras destacan el abandono escolar temprano y el desajuste entre la oferta y la demanda de trabajo por nivel educativo, que dificultan la transicion al empleo de los jovenes y repercuten de forma negativa sobre su carrera laboral. Entre las segundas sobresalen la elevada segmentacion y la escasa efectividad de las politicas activas de empleo. Para atenuar el problema se debe actuar conjuntamente en los ambitos educativo y laboral mediante la adopcion de reformas como las sugeridas en este documento.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Ramon Garcia, 2011. "Desempleo juvenil en Espana. Causas y soluciones," Working Papers 1130, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bbv:wpaper:1130
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    desempleo juvenil; abandono escolar temprano; sobreeducacion; temporalidad; politicas activas de empleo;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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