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Population, Migration and Labour Supply: Great Britain 1871 - 2011

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Abstract

A country's most important asset is its people. This paper outlines the development of Britain's human resources since the middle of the 19th century. It focuses on four key elements. The first is the demographic transition - the processes through which birth rates and death rates fell, leading to a slowdown in population growth. The second is the geographical reallocation of population through migration. This includes emigration and immigration as well as migration within Britain. The third issue is labour supply: the proportion of the population participating in the labour market and the amount and type of labour supplied. Related to this, the last part of the chapter charts the growth in education and skills of the population and the labour force.

Suggested Citation

  • Tim Hatton, 2012. "Population, Migration and Labour Supply: Great Britain 1871 - 2011," CEH Discussion Papers 004, Centre for Economic History, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  • Handle: RePEc:auu:hpaper:004
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    File URL: https://www.cbe.anu.edu.au/researchpapers/ceh/WP201204.pdf
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Human Resources in Great Britain in the Long Run, 1871-2011
      by missiaia in NEP-HIS blog on 2012-08-24 17:34:36
    2. Human Resources in Great Britain in the Long Run, 1871-2011
      by missiaia in NEP-HIS blog on 2012-09-13 15:16:17

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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