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Asylum Policy in the EU: The Case for Deeper Integration

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Abstract

Over the last decade the locus of policy-making towards asylum seekers and refugees has shifted away from national governments and towards the EU as the Common European Asylum Policy has developed. Most of the focus has been on the harmonisation of policies relating to border control, the processing of asylum claims and reception standards for asylum seekers. But this still falls far short of a fully integrated EU-wide policy. This paper examines the basis upon which a joint EU policy can be justified. I then ask whether superior outcomes can be achieved by harmonisation alone or if more centralised policy-making is necessary. I chart the progress of harmonisation and burden-sharing in the development of the Common European Asylum System and explore its effects. I also study the political feasibility of deeper policy integration by analysing public attitudes in the European Social Survey. I conclude that deeper integration is both desirable and politically possible.

Suggested Citation

  • Tim Hatton, 2012. "Asylum Policy in the EU: The Case for Deeper Integration," CEPR Discussion Papers 660, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  • Handle: RePEc:auu:dpaper:660
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    File URL: https://www.cbe.anu.edu.au/researchpapers/cepr/DP660.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. TimothyJ. Hatton, 2009. "The Rise and Fall of Asylum: What Happened and Why?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(535), pages 183-213, February.
    2. Timothy J. Hatton, 2004. "Seeking asylum in Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 19(38), pages 5-62, April.
    3. Jens Hainmueller & Daniel J. Hopkins, 2013. "Public Attitudes toward Immigration," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1315, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    4. Giovanni Facchini & Oliver Lorz & Gerald Willmann, 2006. "Asylum seekers in Europe: the warm glow of a hot potato," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 19(2), pages 411-430, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tim Hatton, 2015. "Setting policy on asylum: Has the EU got it right?," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 124-124, February.
    2. Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús & Rapoport, Hillel, 2014. "Tradable immigration quotas," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 94-108.
    3. repec:ces:ifodic:v:14:y:2017:i:4:p:19271452 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga & Hillel Rapoport, 2015. "Tradable Refugee-admission Quotas and EU Asylum Policy," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 61(3-4), pages 638-672.
    5. Fasani, Francesco & Frattini, Tommaso & Minale, Luigi, 2018. "(The Struggle for) Refugee Integration into the Labour Market: Evidence from Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 11333, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Amelie F. Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2017. "Towards a New European Refugee Policy that Works," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 14(4), pages 03-08, February.
    7. repec:oup:ecpoli:v:32:y:2017:i:91:p:497-550. is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Christian Dustmann & Francesco Fasani & Tommaso Frattini & Luigi Minale & Uta Schönberg, 2017. "On the economics and politics of refugee migration," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 32(91), pages 497-550.
    9. Timothy J. Hatton, 2017. "The Common European Asylum System – the Role of Burden-sharing," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 14(4), pages 09-13, 02.
    10. Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga & Hillel Rapoport, 2015. "Tradable Refugee-admission Quotas (TRAQs), the Syrian Crisis and the new European Agenda on Migration," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-13, December.
    11. Leonid V. Azarnert, 2018. "Refugee Resettlement, Redistribution and Growth," CESifo Working Paper Series 6961, CESifo Group Munich.
    12. Braun, Sebastian & Dwenger, Nadja, 2017. "The local environment shapes refugee integration: Evidence from post-war Germany," Hohenheim Discussion Papers in Business, Economics and Social Sciences 10-2017, University of Hohenheim, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences.
    13. Francesco Fasani & Tommaso Frattini & Luigi Minale, 2017. "The (Struggle for) Labour Market Integration of Refugees: Evidence from European Countries," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1716, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    14. Christian Dustman & Francesco Fasani Fasani & Tommaso Frattini & Luigi Minale & Uta Schӧnberg, 2016. "The Economics and Politics of Refugee Migration," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1616, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    15. Francesco Fasani & Tommaso Frattini, 2018. "(The Struggle for) Refugee Integration into the Labour Market: Evidence from Europe," Development Working Papers 435, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 13 Feb 2018.
    16. Amelie F. Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2017. "Towards a New European Refugee Policy that Works," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 14(4), pages 03-08, 02.
    17. Hillel Rapoport & Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2014. "Tradable Refugee-admission Quotas: a Policy Proposal to Reform the EU Asylum Policy," RSCAS Working Papers 2014/101, European University Institute.
    18. Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2016. "Can market mechanisms solve the refugee crisis?," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 244-244, March.
    19. Javier Vázquez-Grenno & Anna Piil Damm & Kristine Vasiljeva & Semih Tumen & Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2016. "Economic considerations of the refugee crisis in Europe / Consideraciones económicas sobre la crisis de los refugiados en Europa / Consideracions econòmiques sobre la crisi dels refugiats a Europa," IEB Reports ieb_report_1_2016, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Refugees; Asylum seekers; Asylum policy; Harmonisation; Burden-sharing;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F53 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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