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Productividad total de factores en la agricultura peruana: estimación y determinantes

Author

Listed:
  • Francisco B. Galarza

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

  • J. Guillermo Díaz

    (CENTRUM Catolica Graduate Business School)

Abstract

En este artículo, proponemos la estimación de la productividad agrícola usando datos microeconómicos para el Perú. El método consiste en la estimación de una función de producción agraria, que permite recuperar la productividad como un residuo, que constituye una aplicación directa de desarrollos metodológicos recientes en la estimación de funciones de producción con datos de panel (e.g., Gandhi et al., 2013), pero aplicado en el presente caso a datos de sección cruzada. Debido a la menor información disponible para la estimación con respecto al caso de datos de panel, en el presente estudio recurrimos a supuestos de formas funcionales. En particular, se escoge la función de elasticidad de sustitución constante, que permite una mayor flexibilidad que otras formas usadas previamente en la literatura empírica nacional, como la Cobb-Douglas. Encontramos que no hay sustento para la hipótesis de la existencia de retornos crecientes a escala; que la productividad está positivamente correlacionada con la edad, el sexo, y la educación; y negativamente relacionada con el tamaño de la unidad agropecuaria y el poder de mercado.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco B. Galarza & J. Guillermo Díaz, 2015. "Productividad total de factores en la agricultura peruana: estimación y determinantes," Working Papers 2015-29, Peruvian Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:apc:wpaper:2015-029
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    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services

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