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Supervivencia de las empresas según indicadores empresariales. Modelo lineal mixto con datos de panel, período 2004 al 2008, caso de España

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Varona Castillo

    (R&B Proptraders, SL)

  • Laura Gismera Tierno

    (Universidad Pontificia Comillas de Madrid. ICADE)

  • Ricardo Gimeno Nogues

    (Banco de España)

Abstract

La supervivencia empresarial es un tema relevante en la literatura de Economía de la Empresa. Se ha logrado explicar este concepto para el caso de España en el período comprendido entre los años 2004 a 2008 en un 65 por ciento (se han estimado catorce modelos alternativos lineales mixtos con datos de panel). Este fenómeno económico estaría explicado fundamentalmente porque existe una relación positiva y significante entre el capital humano de las empresas, algunas características financieras de las compañías y el entorno con la supervivencia empresarial. El presente artículo apoya la hipótesis de que existen una serie de factores que influyen en la supervivencia de las empresas y confirma que los cluster explican la supervivencia (incluyendo a su vez la idea de que son espacios no sólo de colaboración sino de rivalidad). En un contexto en el que el Perú interesa direccionar sus políticas hacia la diversificación industrial para potenciación los cluster, cadenas productivas, facilitando los eslabonamientos del universo empresarial.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Varona Castillo & Laura Gismera Tierno & Ricardo Gimeno Nogues, 2014. "Supervivencia de las empresas según indicadores empresariales. Modelo lineal mixto con datos de panel, período 2004 al 2008, caso de España," Working Papers 2014-13, Peruvian Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:apc:wpaper:2014-013
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    Keywords

    supervivencia empresarial; capital humano; cluster; gestión empresarial; economía de la empresa;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics

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