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Decomposição Do Componente De Discriminação Na Desigualdade De Rendimentos Entre Raças Nos Efeitos Idade, Período E Coorte

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  • Anna Risi Vianna Crespo
  • Maurício Cortez Reis

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the analysis of age, period and cohort effects on the contribution of discrimination on the racial earning differential. The empirical evidences were computed using the data on the PNADs from 1987 to 2002 for black and white males living in urban areas. The earning differential was decomposed into two parts through the Oaxaca - Blinder methodology, the first one is characteristic effect and the second is the discrimination term. This decomposition was made for 84 cells defined by cohort and period. After that, the amount of earnings differential due to discrimination was decomposed in age, period and cohort effects. It was found that the cohort effect is smaller for younger generations, as the age effect is for the older individuals. Finally, related to the period effect, we found that periods with high inflation are associated with weaker contribution of discrimination to earning inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna Risi Vianna Crespo & Maurício Cortez Reis, 2004. "Decomposição Do Componente De Discriminação Na Desigualdade De Rendimentos Entre Raças Nos Efeitos Idade, Período E Coorte," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 144, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:en2004:144
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    File URL: http://www.anpec.org.br/encontro2004/artigos/A04A144.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gong, Xiaodong & Van Soest, Arthur & Villagomez, Elizabeth, 2004. "Mobility in the Urban Labor Market: A Panel Data Analysis for Mexico," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 1-36, October.
    2. Jere R. Behrman & Nancy Birdsall & Miguel Székely, 2003. "Economic Policy and Wage Differentials in Latin America," Working Papers 29, Center for Global Development.
    3. Green, Francis & Dickerson, Andy & Saba Arbache, Jorge, 2001. "A Picture of Wage Inequality and the Allocation of Labor Through a Period of Trade Liberalization: The Case of Brazil," World Development, Elsevier, pages 1923-1939.
    4. Maloney, William F., 1998. "The structure of labor markets in developing countries : time series evidence on competing views," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1940, The World Bank.
    5. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-442, June.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General

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