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Il decentramento della funzione redistributiva: effetti sul benessere degli individui

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  • Agnese SACCHI

    () (Universita' Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Economia)

Abstract

[ENGLISH] The objective of the paper is to evaluate theoretically the effects of the assignment of redistribution function to lower levels of government on individuals' welfare, focusing on the level of national and local income inequality. First studies on fiscal federalism suggested negative support to the decentralization of redistribution function (Stigler, 1957; Musgrave, 1959; Oates, 1972). Only in the recent literature, it is possible to find some positive results about the convenience of decentralized redistribution (Wellisch, 2000; Tresch, 2002). In particular, it has been investigated whether economic conditions exist to assign favourably the redistributive responsibility to lower levels of government. The idea - not yet very explored in literature - is to establish what relation should occur between local inequality and overall inequality in order to have socially suitable redistributive spending at local level. It turns out to be a relevant issue, especially if we consider the institutional reforms introduced in Italy in the recent years. The most important result is that even if the mainstream of federalism and redistribution does not find the convenience of decentralized redistribution, there is some space - at least theoretically - for local redistribution, as support of national policies or, in some cases, as a substitute of them. It is possible if certain conditions on income inequality at overall and local level are fulfilled. [ITALIANO] Obiettivo del presente lavoro Š valutare gli effetti dell'articolazione su piu' livelli di governo della funzione redistributiva sul benessere degli individui ponendo l'attenzione sul grado di disuguaglianza a livello nazionale e locale, attraverso un'analisi teorica. Su questo tema, i primi studi sul federalismo fiscale hanno dato sempre risposte negative (Stigler, 1957; Musgrave, 1959; Oates, 1972), e solo in tempi piu' recenti Š emersa qualche incerta risposta positiva (Wellisch, 2000; Tresch, 2002). In particolare, si Š tentato di indagare se esistano condizioni economiche per cui sia conveniente assegnare lo svolgimento dei compiti redistributivi ai livelli inferiori di governo. Piu' specificamente, l'idea - peraltro ancora poco esplorata in letteratura - Š arrivare a stabilire in quale rapporto dovrebbero stare disuguaglianza locale e disuguaglianza totale, affinche' risulti socialmente conveniente avere spesa redistributiva gestita a livello locale. Questo si Š rivelato un tema rilevante, specie osservando le recenti riforme istituzionali che hanno riguardato l'Italia. Il risultato piu' rilevante Š che, nonostante la visione dominante in tema di federalismo e redistribuzione abbia negato la convenienza del decentramento della funzione redistributiva, si aprono spazi - almeno in linea teorica - per la redistribuzione locale, a sostegno delle politiche nazionali o, in alcuni casi, addirittura in sostituzione di queste ultime, in dipendenza dal rapporto tra la disuguaglianza del reddito nazionale e locale.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnese SACCHI, 2008. "Il decentramento della funzione redistributiva: effetti sul benessere degli individui," Working Papers 323, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  • Handle: RePEc:anc:wpaper:323
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    Cited by:

    1. Ugo FRATESI, 2010. "The National and International Effects;of Regional Policy Choices: Agglomeration Economies, Peripherality and Territorial Characteristics," Working Papers 344, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    2. Alberto Russo, 2014. "A Stochastic Model of Wealth Accumulation with Class Division," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(1), pages 1-35, February.
    3. Luca RICCETTI, 2010. "Minimum Tracking Error Volatility," Working Papers 340, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    4. Lenzu, Simone & Tedeschi, Gabriele, 2012. "Systemic risk on different interbank network topologies," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(18), pages 4331-4341.
    5. Ruggero Grilli & Gabriele Tedeschi & Mauro Gallegati, 2015. "Markets connectivity and financial contagion," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 10(2), pages 287-304, October.
    6. Luca RICCETTI, 2011. "A Copula-GARCH Model for Macro Asset Allocation of a Portfolio with Commodities: an Out-of-Sample Analysis," Working Papers 355, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    7. Alessandro STERLACCHINI, 2012. "Patent Oppositions as Competitive Tools: An Analysis of the Major Players in the European Market of White Goods," Working Papers 374, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    8. Eralba CELA & Tineke FOKKEMA & Elena AMBROSETTI, 2012. "Links Between Transnationalism Integration and Duration of Residence: The Case of eastern European Migrants in Italy," Working Papers 386, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    9. Fabio FIORILLO & Agnese SACCHI, 2010. "I Want to Free-ride. An Opportunistic View on Decentralization Versus Centralization Problem," Working Papers 346, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    10. Fabio Fiorillo & Agnese Sacchi, 2012. "The Political Economy of the Standard Level of Services: The Role of Income Distribution," CESifo Working Paper Series 3696, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Elena AMBROSETTI & Eralba CELA & Tineke FOKKEMA, 2011. "The Remittances Behaviour of the Second Generation in Europe: Altruism or Self-Interest?," Working Papers 368, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    decentramento fiscale; disuguaglianza; funzione redistributiva;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism

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