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Justice Sociale: Hayek et Sen Face à Rawls. Une Proximité Méthodologique Inattendue


  • Claude Gamel

    () (Aix-Marseille University (Aix-Marseille School of Economics, CNRS & EHESS.)


Through their methods for studying social justice, Rawls, Hayek and Sen are each situated on the summit of a triangle, where comparatism” of the latter stands at equal distance from “contractualism” of the first former and from “evolutionism” of the second one (1). Nevertheless, when the position of the philosopher is used as a landmark, both economists seem to develop analyses which are strangely near enough to each other: in spite of quite different conclusions (2), a first convergence appears about their positions which are really opposed to Rawlsian contractualism (3). More basically, Hayek’s and Sen’s thought processes appear to be comparable, because they are both pragmatic (4). The fact that their opposed results might stem from so near methods designs a paradox, which has still to be confirmed by further studies (5).

Suggested Citation

  • Claude Gamel, 2013. "Justice Sociale: Hayek et Sen Face à Rawls. Une Proximité Méthodologique Inattendue," AMSE Working Papers 1352, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France, revised 21 Oct 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:aim:wpaimx:1352

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    social justice; methods; contractualism; evolutionism; comparatism.;

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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