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“The Anticalifornia”. Family farming, prices and quality product in the Spanish citrus industry (1840-1936)

Author

Listed:
  • Samuel Garrido

    () (Departamento de Economía. Universitat Jaume I. 12071 Castellón.)

Abstract

In recent times a great deal of attention is being paid to the repercussions that the appearance of California as a new supplier of “Mediterranean products” had over the traditional producer countries located on the Mediterranean rim. The paper focuses on orange farming and starts with a comparison between the California and the Spanish citrus industries. While the former specialised in the production of high quality fruit, in the latter groves generated huge amounts of lower quality and cheaper oranges. The paper investigates why the Spanish growers – chiefly small and middle farmers – followed this line, and looks into the results of this kind of behaviour. It concludes that the methods used by Spanish farmers enabled them to resist the competition from California quite well, and that orange farming was a very profitable business in Spain during the period that is studied.

Suggested Citation

  • Samuel Garrido, 2007. "“The Anticalifornia”. Family farming, prices and quality product in the Spanish citrus industry (1840-1936)," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 0701, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:dtaehe:0701
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Oranges; Citrus Industry; California; Valencia; Family Farming;

    JEL classification:

    • N50 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N53 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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