IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/mididp/54056.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Market-Oriented Strategies to Improve Household Access to Food: Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa

Author

Listed:
  • Jayne, Thomas S.
  • Tschirley, David L.
  • Staatz, John M.
  • Shaffer, James D.
  • Weber, Michael T.
  • Chisvo, Munhamo
  • Mukumbu, Mulinge

Abstract

The objectives of this report are to identify market-oriented strategies to alleviate both chronic and transitory food insecurity, and to examine the interactions between short-run targeting mechanisms and longer-run strategies designed to alleviate the chronic causes of inadequate access to food. The main premise of the report is that sustained improvements in household access to food in Sub-Saharan Africa require the development of more reliable food and input markets that (a) create incentives to adopt cost-reducing investments at various stages in the food system; and (b) offer incentives for rural households to shift from a subsistence-oriented pattern of production and consumption to more productive systems based on specialization and gains from exchange. Sustained productivity growth in most parts of the world has typically entailed some form of structural transformation, which, in the historical development processes of other regions, has been a prerequisite for broad-based and sustained growth in productivity, real incomes and purchasing power throughout society. Structural transformation involves a movement away from subsistence-oriented, household-level production toward an integrated economy based on specialization and exchange. But specialization makes households dependent on the performance of exchange systems. The ability to capture the productivity gains from new technology and specialization thus depends on reducing the risks and uncertainty of market-based exchange, thereby facilitating greater participation in the types of specialized production and consumption patterns involved in the process of structural transformation. Section 3 presents empirical evidence from research conducted in Africa to draw conclusions about how the design of agricultural policies and transfer programs have affected household access to food in both rural and urban areas. Based on the foregoing, section 4 presents the following guidelines for the design of strategies to promote access to food in Africa: (1.) Focus on achieving productivity gains in the food system. (2.) Focus on how food and income transfer programs can be designed to promote the long-run development of the food system- the basis for providing food for most people over the long run in addition to providing food to people in the short run. (3.) Focus on reducing consumer food costs by expanding the range of products available to produce and consume. (4.) Focus on the cost and reliability of food supplies to rural areas as a component of non-farm, livestock, and other income diversification strategies designed to promote access to food over the longer run. (5.) Focus on developing local analytical expertise to help guide food system development.

Suggested Citation

  • Jayne, Thomas S. & Tschirley, David L. & Staatz, John M. & Shaffer, James D. & Weber, Michael T. & Chisvo, Munhamo & Mukumbu, Mulinge, 1994. "Market-Oriented Strategies to Improve Household Access to Food: Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa," Food Security International Development Papers 54056, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:mididp:54056
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54056
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Jayne, Thomas S. & Molla, Daniel, 1995. "Toward a Research Agenda to Promote Household Access to Food in Ethiopia," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 55591, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    2. Traub, Lulama Ndibongo & Jayne, Thomas S., 2004. "The Effects of Market Reform on Maize Marketing Margins in South Africa," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54570, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    3. Lundberg, Mattias K.A. & Diskin, Patrick K., 1994. "Targeting Assistance to the Poor and Food Insecure: A Review of the Literature," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54705, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    4. SIMA, Technical Team, 1997. "Designing Market-based Approaches to Short and Long-run Emergency Assistance in Africa," Food Security Collaborative Policy Briefs 55205, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    5. Shaffer, James D. & Wen, Simei, 1995. "The Transformation from Low-income Agricultural Economies," 1994 Conference, August 22-29, 1994, Harare, Zimbabwe 183383, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    6. Molla, Daniel & Gebre, Hagos & Jayne, Thomas S. & Shaffer, James D., 1997. "Designing Strategies to Support a Transformation of Agriculture in Ethiopia," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 55593, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:mididp:54056. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/damsuus.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.