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Gender and taxation: analysis of personal income tax (PIT)


  • Bategeka, Lawrence
  • Guloba, Madina
  • Kiiza, Julius


the paper examines the gender dimensions of personal income tax (PIT) in Uganda with an eye on the possible gender biases that may be embedded in the tax system. It further addresses the issues of Uganda achievement of substantive gender equality rather than formal equality as regards the impact of taxes from a gender perspective. This is in line with Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against all people as if they are the same and synonymous with equality of opportunity... we find that PIT paid by different household earning types increases gender inequality. We also find that some tax systems only worsens gender gaps and hardly is a useful tool that could be used to close the gender gaps. This paper proposes how PIT could be reformed with a view to using taxation as a tool for the realization of substantive gender equality.

Suggested Citation

  • Bategeka, Lawrence & Guloba, Madina & Kiiza, Julius, 2009. "Gender and taxation: analysis of personal income tax (PIT)," Research Series 54938, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eprcrs:54938

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Watson, Harry, 1985. "Tax evasion and labor markets," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 231-246, July.
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    4. Persson, Mats & Wissen, Pehr, 1984. " Redistributional Aspects of Tax Evasion," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(2), pages 131-149.
    5. Schneider, Friedrich, 2005. "Shadow economies around the world: what do we really know?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 598-642, September.
    6. Allingham, Michael G. & Sandmo, Agnar, 1972. "Income tax evasion: a theoretical analysis," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(3-4), pages 323-338, November.
    7. Kesselman, Jonathan R., 1989. "Income tax evasion : An intersectoral analysis," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 137-182, March.
    8. Ayoki, Milton & Obwona, Marios & Ogwapus, Moses, 2005. "Tax Reforms and Domestic Revenue Mobilization in Uganda," MPRA Paper 80328, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Kehoe, Timothy J. & Serra-Puche, Jaime, 1983. "A computational general equilibrium model with endogenous unemployment : An analysis of the 1980 fiscal reform in Mexico," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 1-26, October.
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