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Agricultural Productivity Constraints in Uganda: Implications for Investment


  • Nabbumba, Rosetti
  • Bahiigwa, Godfrey


Uganda has put emphasis on the agricultural sector as a strategy for raising rural incomes and reducing rural poverty. The Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (PMA) was designed in 2000 for this purpose. However, available secondary data show that crop yields are low despite the availability of productivity- enhancing technologies on the market. The study uses household data from four rural districts selected from two ago-ecological zones to explore profitability and productivity of two technologies: improved maize varieties and improved cattle breed. The research findings indicate that growing improved maize is more profitable than local maize across all farm sizes. Similarly, improved cattle breeds (exotic and cross breeds) are more profitable and more productive than indigenous cattle. The findings suggest the need to strengthen the PMA interventions, especially under the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) in order to promote the adopting of improved technologies. The results further reveal that the farming system in northern Uganda is as productive as the coffee-banana farming system. Therefore, the poverty situation in northern Uganda is not dues to low productivity or profitability of agriculture, but perhaps due to exogenous factors such as the war that has afflicted the area since the late 1980s.

Suggested Citation

  • Nabbumba, Rosetti & Bahiigwa, Godfrey, 2003. "Agricultural Productivity Constraints in Uganda: Implications for Investment," Research Series 184711, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eprcrs:184711

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    Cited by:

    1. Charles Augustine Abuka & Michael Atingi-Ego & Jacob Opolot & Marian Mraz, 2007. "The impact of OECD Agricultural trade liberalization on poverty in Uganda," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp208, IIIS.
    2. Charles Augustine Abuka & Michael Atingi-Ego & Jacob Opolot & Patrick Okello, 2007. "Determinants of poverty vulnerability in Uganda," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp203, IIIS.
    3. repec:ags:afjecr:264422 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Mugonola, Basil & Vranken, Liesbet & Maertens, Miet & Deckers, Jozef & Taylor, Daniel B & Bonabana-Wabbi, Jackline & Mathijs, Erik, 2013. "Soil and water conservation technologies and technical efficiency in banana production in upper Rwizi micro-catchment, Uganda," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 0(Number 1), pages 1-16, July.


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