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Human Capital Accumulation in France at the Dawn of the Nineteenth Century: Lessons from the Guizot Inquiry

In: Cliometrics of the Family

Author

Listed:
  • Magali Jaoul-Grammare

    (University of Strasbourg)

  • Charlotte Le Chapelain

    (University of Lyon)

Abstract

Building on the results of the Guizot inquiry, carried out in autumn 1833 on the initiative of François Guizot, the minister of public instruction, this article examines the process of human capital accumulation in the early nineteenth-century France. We rely on an original measure of human capital—student progress—to highlight the high level of heterogeneity in human capital accumulation in this period. We identify two types of schools in the French educational landscape: first, large schools, well-endowed in human and material resources, which contributed a great deal to human capital accumulation, and, second, small schools, characterised by some degree of amateurism and improvisation, which weakly contributed to human capital formation. We note that the use of literacy rates or school enrolment rates can be misleading with regard to the estimation of French human capital endowments, laying emphasis instead on the heterogeneity in the French educational landscape at the dawn of the nineteenth century, as the country embarked on the process of industrialisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Magali Jaoul-Grammare & Charlotte Le Chapelain, 2019. "Human Capital Accumulation in France at the Dawn of the Nineteenth Century: Lessons from the Guizot Inquiry," Studies in Economic History, in: Claude Diebolt & Auke Rijpma & Sarah Carmichael & Selin Dilli & Charlotte Störmer (ed.), Cliometrics of the Family, chapter 0, pages 237-259, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:stechp:978-3-319-99480-2_10
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-99480-2_10
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    Cited by:

    1. Montalbo, Adrien, 2021. "Schools without a law: Primary education in France from the Revolution to the Guizot Law," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Guizot inquiry; Human capital accumulation; France; Nineteenth century;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913

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