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The anatomy and the impact of export promotion agencies

In: Research Handbook on Economic Diplomacy

Author

Listed:
  • Marcio Cruz
  • Daniel Lederman
  • Laura Zoratto

Abstract

The number of export promotion agencies (EPAs) has increased substantially over the past decades. The authors describe the characteristics of EPAs around the world, using a novel database from the World Bank, in collaboration with the International Trade Centre in Geneva, covering the 2005–10 period. Most agencies are public-private institutions and have focused on assisting exporters in understanding and finding markets for their products. Several went through at least one type of institutional change in the short period between 2005 and 2010. EPAs spend more on small and medium firms, on established exporters (instead of new/occasional exporters or non-exporters), and on the provision of marketing services (e.g., trade missions) and export support services (e.g., training, technical assistance). Reviewing the recent literature, they find evidence of positive contributions of EPAs around the world in raising exports, through both, intensive and extensive margins of trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcio Cruz & Daniel Lederman & Laura Zoratto, 2018. "The anatomy and the impact of export promotion agencies," Chapters, in: Peter A.G. van Bergeijk & Selwyn J.V. Moons (ed.), Research Handbook on Economic Diplomacy, chapter 7, pages 94-108, Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:elg:eechap:16053_7
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    Cited by:

    1. Srhoj, Stjepan & Vitezic, Vanja & Wagner, Joachim, 2020. "Export boosting policies and firm behaviour: Review of empirical evidence around the world," MPRA Paper 104330, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Allan Sørensen, 2020. "Export promotion and intra‐industry reallocations," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(2), pages 303-319, May.
    3. Demena, B.A., 2021. "Effectiveness of export promotion programmes," ISS Working Papers - General Series 688, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
    4. Christine Côté & Saul Estrin & Daniel Shapiro, 2020. "Expanding the international trade and investment policy agenda: The role of cities and services," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 3(3), pages 199-223, September.
    5. Aalto, Eero & Gustafsson, Robin, 2020. "Export Promotion Rationales and Impacts – A Review," ETLA Reports 100, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    6. Valeska V. Geldres-Weiss & Nathaniel P. Massa & Joaquín Monreal-Pérez, 2021. "Export Promotion Agencies’ Lived Turmoil, Response and Strategies in COVID-19 Times," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(21), pages 1-24, November.
    7. Christine Côté & Saul Estrin & Daniel Shapiro, 0. "Expanding the international trade and investment policy agenda: The role of cities and services," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 0, pages 1-25.

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