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Can the Crisis be an Opportunity for Women?

In: Disadvantaged Workers


  • Emanuela Ghignoni

    (Università La Sapienza di Roma)

  • Alina Verashchagina

    (Università La Sapienza di Roma)


Female labour force participation is known to depend on the economic status of a partner. Since the current crisis hit more men, it might push more women to enter the labour market (added worker effect). On the opposite, the crisis might produce a discouraged worker effect. In this case, despite male-partner losing a job, women would not get out of inactivity. The aim of this paper is to investigate which of the two effects dominates in Italy. Our empirical analysis utilized a bivariate probit model. The results suggest that discouraged worker effect prevailed at the start of the crisis. Afterwards some regional differences emerge with an added worker effect showing out for low-educated women in the South of Italy.

Suggested Citation

  • Emanuela Ghignoni & Alina Verashchagina, 2014. "Can the Crisis be an Opportunity for Women?," AIEL Series in Labour Economics,in: Dario Sciulli & Miguel Ángel Malo (ed.), Disadvantaged Workers, edition 1, chapter 12, pages 257-276 AIEL - Associazione Italiana Economisti del Lavoro.
  • Handle: RePEc:ail:chapts:07-12

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    Cited by:

    1. Piazzalunga, Daniela & Di Tommaso, Maria Laura, 2015. "The increase of gender wage gap in Italy during the 2008-2012 economic crisis," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201532, University of Turin.
    2. Daniela Piazzalunga & Maria Laura Di Tommaso, 2015. "The increase of the gender wage gap in Italy during the 2008-2012 economic crisis," Working Papers 381, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.


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