IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/h/ail/chapts/06-03.html
   My bibliography  Save this book chapter

Balancing Work and Family: New Mothers’ Employment Decisions During Childbearing

In: Non-Standard Employment and Quality of Work. The Case of Italy

Author

Listed:
  • Andrea Neri

    (ISTAT)

  • Martina Lo Conte

    (ISTAT)

  • Piero Casadio

    (Banca d'Italia)

Abstract

In the past decade, several countries, notably France, Spain and Germany, have experienced a joint increase in female participation and fertility, mainly because of national policies aimed at balancing work and family life. In Italy, by contrast, fertility has remained relatively stable (after a period of significant decline) while increases in female participation rates have been modest. Numerous explanations for this apparent anomaly have been advanced in the literature, This paper studies the employment decisions of Italian mothers (and their determinants) during the childbearing period, using for the purpose the Italian Birth Sample Survey. In the two years surrounding childbirth, 20 per cent of women in employment before pregnancy leave the labour market, while only 4 per cent start to work after delivery. Most of the drop-out probability – about 70 per cent – is due to voluntary work exit, while one fourth is due to temporary employment or firm’s bankruptcy. An explanation of the results is that this period is particularly critical, and that the difficulties faced by new mothers are among the factors that contribute to keeping their participation rate at a low level.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Neri & Martina Lo Conte & Piero Casadio, 2012. "Balancing Work and Family: New Mothers’ Employment Decisions During Childbearing," AIEL Series in Labour Economics,in: Tindara Addabbo & Giovanni Solinas (ed.), Non-Standard Employment and Quality of Work. The Case of Italy, edition 1, chapter 3, pages 39-52 AIEL - Associazione Italiana Economisti del Lavoro.
  • Handle: RePEc:ail:chapts:06-03
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-7908-2106-2_3
    Download Restriction: external link

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    labour supply; child-care; part-time; fertility; work-life balance; fixed term contracts; gender.;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ail:chapts:06-03. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lia Ambrosio). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/aiellea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.