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Permanent Job Loss and the U.S. System of Financing Unemployment Insurance


  • Frank Brechling

    (University of Maryland)

  • Louise Laurence

    (Towson State University)


The authors reexamine the experience rating provisions in the U.S. UI system and look at its effects on both temporary layoffs and long-term permanent layoffs. For temporary layoffs, they propose a higher degree of experience rating through a restructuring of the tax code while eliminating administrative time lags between the payment of benefits and the resulting changes in taxes. Brechling and Laurence also propose experience rating as an effective means of internalizing the costs of the growing number of permanent layoffs, making the case that payroll taxes are not the ideal means of implementing experience rating in this situation. In addition, they compare how the reserve and benefit ratio methods of experience rating internalize the costs of permanent layoffs.

Suggested Citation

  • Frank Brechling & Louise Laurence, 1995. "Permanent Job Loss and the U.S. System of Financing Unemployment Insurance," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number pjl, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:upj:ubooks:pjl Note: PDF is the book's first chapter.

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jorgenson, Dale W, 1988. "Productivity and Postwar U.S. Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 2(4), pages 23-41, Fall.
    2. Theodore W. Schultz, 1956. "Reflections on Agricultural Production, Output and Supply," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 38(3), pages 748-762.
    3. Levine, Ross & Renelt, David, 1992. "A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth Regressions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 942-963, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Robert Tannenwald & Christopher J. O'Leary, 1997. "Unemployment insurance policy in New England: background and issues," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue May, pages 3-22.
    2. Glismann, Hans H. & Schrader, Klaus, 2001. "Alternative Systeme der Arbeitslosenversicherung: das Beispiel der Vereinigten Staaten und des Vereinigten K├Ânigreichs," Kiel Working Papers 1032, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).

    More about this item


    experience rating; unemployment insurance; ui; unemployment compensation;

    JEL classification:

    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings


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