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Conséquences environnementales du développement énergétique chinois : solutions pour un développement durable


  • Keppler, Jan Horst


  • Rouhier, Stéphane


China uses more than 60 percent of coal in its energy mix. This heavy reliance has strong environmental consequences notably with SO2 and CO2 emissions for which China is the world first emitter. This already has tremendous implications on a local, regional and global scale. Therefore, there is an urgent need for decisive actions bringing the energy sector back on sustainable tracks. Indeed, pollution is a great concern. Not only does it hamper agricultural productivity (regional pollution) or does it increase asthma or cancer (local one) but now, it can change the climate and so, the conditions in which and the way people live. This dissertation aims at describing the environmental impact of the rising energy use in China and most importantly endeavours at answering the question: what solutions could be implemented now to achieve an environmentally sustainable development? In this essay, we intend to show that the window of opportunity is not closed yet and that, thanks to a negative price elasticity of noxious emissions, price instruments could work in China. First of all, through a subsidy removal, the government would enable the energy prices to give correct signals to the consumers that would therefore reduce the quantity of fossil fuels consumed and to producers that would go for better technologies or less polluting fuels. Then, by making the producers pay for the externalities they create through for example carbon emissions fees, the government would also reduce pollution. Overall, implementing an energy price increase would increase energy intensity, help reduce the consumption of polluting fuels and so carbon and sulphur emissions, and improve public finance.

Suggested Citation

  • Rouhier, Stéphane, 2009. "Conséquences environnementales du développement énergétique chinois : solutions pour un développement durable," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/4386 edited by Keppler, Jan Horst, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:dau:thesis:123456789/4386
    Note: dissertation

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. James R. Tybout, 2000. "Manufacturing Firms in Developing Countries: How Well Do They Do, and Why?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 11-44, March.
    2. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm-level Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 60-82, January.
    3. Tybout, James R, 1992. "Linking Trade and Productivity: New Research Directions," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 6(2), pages 189-211, May.
    4. Tybout, James R. & Westbrook, M. Daniel, 1995. "Trade liberalization and the dimensions of efficiency change in Mexican manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 53-78, August.
    5. Petia Topalova & Amit Khandelwal, 2011. "Trade Liberalization and Firm Productivity: The Case of India," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(3), pages 995-1009, August.
    6. Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2005. "Exporting raises productivity in sub-Saharan African manufacturing firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 373-391, December.
    7. Johannes Van Biesebroeck, 2007. "ROBUSTNESS OF PRODUCTIVITY ESTIMATES -super-," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 529-569, September.
    8. James R. Tybout, 2001. "Plant- and Firm-Level Evidence on "New" Trade Theories," NBER Working Papers 8418, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    Chine; Dioxyde de carbone; Pollution; Politique énergétique; Développement durable;

    JEL classification:

    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling


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