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Internationaler Vergleich der Systeme zur Besteuerung der Land- und Forstwirtschaft

Author

Listed:
  • Rüdiger Parsche
  • Peter Haug
  • Antonio Marcelo
  • Chang Woon Nam

    ()

  • Bettina Reichl

Abstract

Due to its overwhelming significance among taxes on earnings in the agricultural and forestry sector, the analyses are primarily concentrated on the international comparison of effective income tax burden in the selected EU Member States as well as Canada, the United States and Japan. In this context, it is particularly stressed that, instead of applying actual earnings, the determination of taxable profits (or income) for small-sized agricultural firms takes place on the basis of standard, blanket amount of earnings in several investigated countries. In addition, national rules on real property tax are introduced in a systematic way. Furthermore, on the basis of legal information existing in the individual countries, an attempt is made in the second step to quantify the impact of such different tax systems on the basis of a model calculation. Although the rules about public subsidies for agriculture and forestry in the EU appear to be largely harmonised, the varied tax treatment of such transfers as extra earnings leads, ceteris paribus, to different effective tax burdens in the individual countries. This fact, in turn, suggests urgent needs for further political discussions on the EU level. The study consists of two parts. The former provides a general, comparative overview of taxation in agricul-ture and forestry in the investigated countries. The latter, with the so-called country reports shows the relevant laws and rules in the individual countries in more detail.

Suggested Citation

  • Rüdiger Parsche & Peter Haug & Antonio Marcelo & Chang Woon Nam & Bettina Reichl, 2001. "Internationaler Vergleich der Systeme zur Besteuerung der Land- und Forstwirtschaft," ifo Forschungsberichte, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 1, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifofob:1
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/ifo_Forschungsberichte_01.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Rüdiger Parsche & Doina Maria Radulescu, 2004. "Taxing Means of Agricultural Production in Germany: A Relatively High Tax Burden Compared to Other Important EU Competitors," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 2(2), pages 48-54, 07.
    2. Doina Radulescu, 2004. "Produktionsmittelbesteuerung in der Landwirtschaft: In Deutschland relativ hohe Belastung im Vergleich zu wichtigen EU-Konkurrenzländern," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 57(05), pages 20-27, March.
    3. repec:ces:ifodic:v:2:y:2004:i:2:p:14567815 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Land- und Forstwirtschaft; Einkommensteuer; Grundsteuer; Gewinn; EU-Staaten; Kanada; Vereinigte Staaten; Japan;

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General

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